Tanzania

Ruanda Matunda PB FW

This Fully washed blend from Ruanda Agricultural Marketing Cooperative Society (AMCOS) is a great example of the high-quality coffee Tanzania is capable of producing.

Details

Coffee Grade:
FW PB
Farm/Coop/Station:
Various
Varietal:
Bourbon, Kent, Typica
Processing:
Fully washed
Altitude:
1,700 meters above sea level
Owner:
Farmers working with Ruanda Best AMCOS
Subregion/Town:
Mbozi, Songwe
Region:
Southern Tanzania
Farm Size:
1 to 2 hectares on average
Bag Size:
60kg Ecotact
Harvest Months:
May - November

About This Coffee

This Fully washed lot is a blend of coffees from smallholder farmers in the Mbozi District in the Songwe Region in Southern Tanzania.

Ruanda AMCOS was founded and registered as a cooperative union in 2006 with 57 farmers. By 2019, more than 300 farmers were registered with Ruanda AMCOS. That same year, they collected over 195 tons of parchment.

Cultivation

Each farmer tends between 1 and 2 hectares of land on average. In addition to growing coffee, farmers typically intercrop with corn, beans, groundnuts, sunflowers and ginger. They also grow a flower called the Pyrethrum Daisy, which is often used as a natural insecticide.

Harvest & Post-Harvest

Cherry is selectively handpicked and pulped on an eco-pulper. Coffee is dry fermented and then washed in clean water.  Parchment is laid to dry on raised beds, where it is raked frequently to ensure even drying. It takes approximately 14 days for parchment to dry.

About Peaberries

PB stands for Peaberry. Peaberry is a name given to a very specific shape of bean. In Spanish, peaberries are called “caracol”, which means “snail”. The name aptly describes the shape of the peaberry bean, which appears slightly curved in on itself.     

Peaberries are the result of a natural mutation in the coffee cherry. Whereas there are usually two beans nestled together in each fruit, in a cherry with a peaberry mutation, only one bean forms. As a result, peaberries are a single, rounder bean.     

Peaberry mutations occur in approximately 5% of all coffee. The beans are known for being rounder, smaller and denser, which can contribute to a more even roast color, when handled correctly. Many people find peaberries to have a sweeter flavor profile, as well.    

Since peaberries are a natural mutation that is not visible from the outside of the cherry, peaberries must be sorted out during the screen grading stage of dry milling. The peaberry screens have the smallest holes, which are oblong to allow the rounder beans to fall through.

Coffee in Tanzania

Coffee’s roots in Tanzania can be traced via oral history back to the Haya tribe of Northwest Tanzania in the 16th century. Following German and then British colonial rule, the Tanzanian coffee industry has undergone many transformations and adjustments in an effort to create the most equal, profitable and high-quality coffee possible. Today, our in-country partner, Sucafina Tanzania, is invested in improving the coffee and the lives of smallholder farmers through a variety of initiatives.

Coffee in Tanzania was grown almost exclusively in the North for a long time. The Kilimanjaro, Arusha, Tarime, Kagera, Kigoma and Karatu/Ngorongoro regions were prized for their ideal Arabica growing conditions. At the time, coffee production was so concentrated in the north that Moshi, a northern municipality, was the only hub for all coffee milling and sales.

Operations in Moshi grew to truly massive proportions in the 1950s and early-1960s. Since both Tanzania, Kenya and Burundi were under British rule in the post-war decades, Moshi was the second milling and sales hub (after Nairobi, Kenya) for British coffee production.

Coffee cultivation has extended southwards in recent years. In addition to the historical powerhouse regions in the north, coffee is now also grown in the southern regions of Ruvuma and Mbeya/Mbozi. Most Southern expansion of coffee growing occurred in the 1970s and 1980s and was encouraged by two projects supported by European backers. In an ironic twist, today 75 to 85% of total coffee production in Tanzania today comes from farms in the south.

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