Colombia

Horizonte Verde La Esperanza Geisha Honey

The Lopez family have been thought-leaders in coffee production in Quindio since the 1970s, when their patriarch, Don Moises, decided to maintain shade cover to uphold quality and protect the environment from excess fertilizer use. This Geisha lot is cultivated and processed to evoke its complex, sweet and delicious flavors. 

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Details

Coffee Grade:
Quindio Geisha Honey
Farm/Coop/Station:
  Finca Puerto Alegre & Finca La Esperanza
Varietal:
Geisha
Processing:
Honey
Altitude:
1,650 meters above sea level
Owner:
Lopez family
Subregion/Town:
Pijao
Region:
 Quindio
Harvest Months:
Year-round, depending on the region

About This Coffee

Experience the beloved Geisha profile in this Geisha Honey lot from the Lopez family. They have been cultivating coffee on Finca Puerto Alegre and Finca La Esperanza for over 3 generations and their experience combines with the renowned Geisha profile to create and complex, fruity and floral cup.

In 2014, 4 Lopez siblings – the grandchildren of Don Moises – took over the farm and began focusing their efforts on producing sustainable, specialty coffees. The siblings were later joined by several of their own children who have focused on innovative processing and ecotourism and today, the farm benefits from this multi-generational expertise.

Cultivation

The mill, lab and main house are all located on the Lopez family's other main coffee farm, Finca Puerto Alegre.

Coffee at Finca La Esperanza is shade grown and has been since their patriarch, Don Moises, made the decision to maintain his shade cover in the 1970s, when many other producers were transitioning to full sun exposure. Although full sun generates higher yields, Don Moises was a strong believer in sustainability (before sustainability was a “thing”) and did not want to damage the environment with use pesticides and fertilizers for higher yields.

Today, Leucaena (river tamarind) is the main shade tree planted on the farm. The tree’s roots fix nitrogen and, since it sheds its leaves every 3 months, a great source of biomass for producing organic fertilizer. This periodic shedding also reduces pruning costs.

Due to weather patterns, Finca La Esperanza produces coffee year-round. The Lopez family fertilizes and prunes trees on a regular schedule to keep plants healthy and productive.

Harvest & Post-Harvest

Their careful attention to cultivation is complemented by equally-attentive processing. Jairo, the second youngest of the 4 brothers, was trained as a civil engineer and has applied his knowledge to improving processing methods at Puerto Alegre.

Jairo believes that standardization is key. Each lot receives a “birth certificate” that documents and maintain traceability throughout processing. They record the usual basics – variety, processing method, weight, plot, date picked – and additional fermentation information – time fermentation starts and ends, pH of the sample at different stages and more –  to make the method as repeatable as possible.

Cherry is selectively handpicked. In the field, pickers use a refractometer to ensure cherry is a peak ripeness when picked. Cherry rests overnight and is then analyzed again to ensure Brix content is still within optimal range. Cherry is pulped and laid with mucilage on raised beds in parabolic driers. Jairo keeps careful track of the temperature within the drier and uses ventilation to control temperature and humidity to ensure even drying. Cherry is raked frequently to ensure even drying. It takes approximately 15 to 30 days for cherry to dry.

Coffee in Colombia

Colombia has been producing and exporting coffee renowned for their full body, bright acidity and rich aftertaste, since the early 19th century.

Colombia boasts a wide range of climates and geographic conditions that, in turn, produce their own unique flavors in coffee. This also means that harvest times can vary quite a bit. In fact, between all its different regions, Colombia produces fresh crop nearly all year round.

The increasing focus on the specialty industry is changing the way traders and farmers do business. It is becoming more common for farmers to isolate the highest quality beans in their lots to market separately. These higher-quality lots are often sold under specific brands or stories.

Besides its wide variety of cup profiles, Colombia has quickly expanded its certification options over the past 10 years. The most common certifications available are Fairtrade, Rainforest Alliance, UTZ and Organic.

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